IAFF 6142 Technology Creation/Diffusion
The purpose of this course is to examine the factors that underlie the creation of new technologies and their diffusion throughout the economy. The discussion will cover issues of interest to new technology pro‐ ducers and/or users in the private business sector, universities and government. Although the main focus will be the prevailing environment in developed market economies, developing countries will be dealt with to some extent. We will examine in some depth important recent global developments in technology creation and dissemination and their historical overlaps. And, of course, we will address the implications for policy.
A broad, complex, and multidimensional set of factors contribute to the ability of states to use science and technology to advance their national security. This course examines how effectively states, and the United States in particular, develop policies designed to translate science and technology into strategic advantage.
This course will provide an overview of current issues in the cyber realm, focusing on policy and conflict from a U.S. and international perspective. We will begin with an understanding of the power inherent in cyberspace and consider the policy issues facing the civilian, military, intelligence and private business sectors in dealing with offensive and defensive cyber activity. Through the use of case studies, we will examine previous and ongoing cyber conflicts to understand their impacts on international relations. We will analyze the roles of several different types of cyber actors including state actors, non-state actors such as criminal and terror groups and private sector/business responses. This course will also examine the issue of cyber deterrence, and the unique aspects of offensive and defensive cyber activities by all cyber actors. Technical background is not required and basic aspects of cyber operations will be discussed as part of the introductory class sessions.
IAFF 6158 Energy Policy
IAFF 6159 ISTP Capstone
This course is the final project for the Masters Program in International Science and Technology. In it the students produce a policy paper for a client under conditions that are as close to those experienced by a professional consultant as possible. Students find a client with a policy problem, negotiate a terms of reference, research the problem, and produce a policy recommendation. That policy recommendation is given in a policy paper and in a public presentation at the end of the semester.
IAFF 6146 Space Law
IAFF 6151 Environmental Policy
ANTH 6391: Social Study of Science and Technology
IAFF 6141 International Science and Technology Policy Cornerstone Seminar
This course provides a comprehensive overview of the policy issues related to the support, use, management, and regulation of science and technology. It addresses U.S. domestic as well as international issues, is concerned with governmental policies as well as non-governmental, and it is focused on both the economics and politics of science and technology issues. In today's world, scientific discoveries and technological innovations influence almost every aspect of human existence. The effects of many of these innovations innovations influence almost every aspect of human existence. Many changes induced by these innovations have been extremely positive, bringing advances in health, communications, material wealth, and quality of life. At the same time, science and technology have helped create apparently intractable problems, including new risks to human health, pollution of the natural environment, and the existence of weapons capable of mass destruction. Given all these impacts, making effective and fair decisions regarding technologically complex issues is one of the most challenging tasks of modern governance. Especially demanding is policy-making for international economic competition, which is increasingly defined in terms of technological competence. The diffusion of centers of technological excellence around the world and the progressive convergence of local markets in terms of consumer tastes and preferences have obliged economic agents to adopt a global outlook; not only do firms compete internationally but they also depend upon each other's technological, financial, and marking strengths to stay afloat. In this course we examine a number of important characteristics of the new international environment that are directly related to the technological competence of firms and of nations as well.
IAFF 6145.10 U.S. Space Policy
This course is an examination of the origins, evolution, current status, and future prospects of U.S. space policies and programs. It will cover the U.S. government's civilian, military, and national security space programs and the space activities of the U.S. private sector, and the interactions among these four sectors of U.S. space activity. This examination will be cast in the context of the space activities of other countries, and of international cooperation and competition in space. The goal of the course is to give the student an exposure to the policy debates and decisions that have shaped U.S. efforts in space to date, and to the policy issues that must be addressed in order to determine the future goals, content, pace, and organization of U.S. space activities, both public and private.
IAFF 6148.10 Space and National Security
Recent military operations in Libya, Afghanistan, and Iraq indicate space capabilities have become a foundational enabler of most U.S. military actions and an increasingly important component of U.S. national security. Worldwide, there is growing recognition and focus on the broad and ubiquitous contributions space capabilities make to global prosperity and security. The 2001 Space Commission Report found that because U.S. military and economic security has become so dependent on space capabilities, the nation could face a “space Pearl Harbor.” The U.S. National Space Policy from October 2006 stated: “In this new century, those who effectively utilize space will enjoy added prosperity and security and will hold a substantial advantage over those who do not. Freedom of action in space is as important to the United States as air power and sea power.” And the current National Space Policy released in June 2010 indicates: “Space systems allow people and governments around the world to see with clarity, communicate with certainty, navigate with accuracy, and operate with assurance.”
This course will look at various events and developments around the world that have influenced the ways that U.S must reassess its actions relating to employment of space capabilities and improvements of mission assurance in a complex and fragile environment. Students will also look at new space security strategy approaches including strengthening deterrence, developing and deploying robust offensive and defensive counter space capabilities, leveraging state-of-the-world commercial and international capabilities, rebalancing multi-domain options and modernization priorities, and developing and deploying space architectures with improved resilience, defensive operations, and reconstitution capabilities. Finally, this course will foster a dialogue concerned with current international tensions and consequently the need and related consequences of employing space control capabilities. This course examines these and other issues associated with U.S. strategy, policy, management, and organization for the national security uses of space.
IAFF 6158.11 Science, Technology and Policy Analysis
Many of the most important and salient policy decisions taken by governments are those that involve science or technology. Climate change, dangers posed by environmental hazards such as DDT and dioxin, the debate over immunization against diseases such as measles, mumps, and rubella, the decisions involving nuclear weapons are policy issues that involve science and technology to a great degree. How policymakers use science to make decisions, how policy affects science and technology, how risk and uncertainty are accounted for (or not) in decision-making, whether policy decisions involving science and technology should be democratized, and how the public impacts science policy decisions are all topics that will be covered in this course. Science and Technology Policy Analysis will provide a grounding in the field of science and technology policy and will be underpinned by the sociology of science and technology. The course will take an international perspective on issues and provide opportunities for comparative analysis. A technical background is not required but will enhance one’s understanding.
IAFF 6158.12 Cybersecurity
Cyberspace represents an entirely new domain of human activity. Just as it creates new opportunities for society and the economy, it also poses new challenges, particularly for U.S. national security. This course places the rise of cyberspace in a geo-strategic context and seeks to equip students with intellectual tools useful in assessing contemporary debates. It introduces basic technological concepts, assesses their impact on state sovereignty, examines the nature of vulnerabilities, threats and operations enabled by cyberspace and how they relate to warfare, considers cyberspace’s broad impact on international relations, reviews a history of U.S. policymaking, and considers contemporary debates about cyberspace’s future in American power. It is discussion oriented, stresses the connections among trends and developments in different areas, and relates contemporary issues to broader analyses.
IAFF 6158.13 Renewable Energy in a Decarbonizing World
This course investigates the politics and policy of renewable energy in the context of global climate change. Development of renewable energy is a critical tool in the effort to reduce carbon in the global economy. In this course, students will examine theory and practice of renewable energy policy and policymaking both in the context of international policymaking and comparatively at the national level for key states and regions like the US, China, and the EU. Students will also look at the broader context and implications for renewable energy policy in areas such as global energy systems, international trade, intellectual property, and development and distributional impacts.
IAFF 6118 Applied Qualitative Methods
Summer 2016 Courses
Sustainable energy development efforts have expanded rapidly around the world over the past two decades. Regions, nation-states, financial institutions, NGOs, cities and communities across the globe, motivated by challenges such as energy poverty, energy security and climate change, have begun to lay the groundwork for a lower carbon energy future to be built around renewable energy technologies and more energy efficient practices. This course will explore these efforts through three overlapping frames: the deployment of renewable energy technologies, the political, economic and governance structures which inform and constrain such deployments and the social impacts of such deployments. A guiding thesis will be that the barriers to more comprehensive and equitable sustainable energy development are primarily social, political and economic rather than technological